Did Jesus help build Sepphoris?

A 1931 photo shows the hill at Sepphoris/Saffurriya crowded with Palestinian houses, which all were destroyed after 1948. Extensive ruins of the biblical-era city are in the archaeological dig beyond the trees at the top of the hill.

Just four miles from Nazareth where Jesus grew up, I pause among ruins of a Muslim cemetery next to a hill where historians say he may have found employment as a youth. On this hill stood the ancient city of Sepphoris, which eventually became the modern Palestinian town of Saffurriya. Communities on this hill were destroyed multiple times, notably by Rome when Jesus was an infant and again by twentieth-century Israel.

Sepphoris suffered ruin shortly after the death of Herod the Great, while Jesus and parents still were in Egypt. By conventional standards of political success, King Herod had elevated the Jewish people to greatness. But Herod was brutal, and resentment burst into revolt as soon as it became clear that his family would carry on the dynasty. In Galilee Jewish rebels overran Herod’s armory at Sepphoris and seized weapons. Rome deployed legions to end this revolt in its client state, and ultimately crucified two thousand rebels throughout the Jewish kingdom. Sepphoris was burned and its inhabitants made slaves.

The Bible never mentions this city so close to Nazareth. But we know that Sepphoris was rebuilt while Jesus was young, when he would have been learning a trade. The Gospels refer to Jesus as a tekton (“builder,” not “carpenter”) and the son of a tekton. The closest sustained construction work probably was at Sepphoris.

The modern drama and tragedy of Sepphoris begin with Israel’s 1948 War of Independence, an event Palestinians remember as the Nakba (“catastrophe”). Arab nations joined forces to destroy the new nation, but the Israeli military prevailed and ethnic cleansing followed as the country expanded. Israel destroyed more than 400 Palestinian villages, including Sepphoris/Saffurriya (Zippori in Hebrew).

Nearby Nazareth, under the watchful eye of Christians around the world, became a haven for Palestinians. From the edge of Nazareth, refugees from Saffuriya still can look across the valley to what used to be their home. Palestinian houses at Sepphoris/Saffurriya were razed and archaeologists uncovered spectacular remains of the ancient city of Jesus’ youth.

All this history roils my spirit as I hold the 1931 photo of a thriving Palestinian town, and survey Sepphoris hill today. I love the vast archaeological discoveries found there; I grieve the displacement of its Palestinian inhabitants. I admire the nobility and moral strength of Jewish faith, and am grateful Israel exists as nation reborn. I want Israel (and my own country) to live up to the highest of biblical justice standards.

I share like precious faith with Christians in Israel (most of whom are Palestinian) and respect the spiritual vitality of Islam. I protest the recent statement by an Israeli leader that he wants to annex more land in the West Bank. Please, no. “Let justice roll down like waters, and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream” (Amos 5).

Again I remember injustices, including ethnic cleansing, that my forebears perpetrated upon native peoples in my home state of Indiana in the United States. Perhaps neither my people nor Israel can undo damage caused by our respective forebears, but we can resolve to keep new atrocities from happening.

© 2019  J. Nelson Kraybill ****************************************************************

Join Audrey Voth Petkau and me for a Journey of Hope tour to Jordan, Palestine and Israel on September 12-23, 2019:https://www.tourmagination.com/tour/2019-jordan-palestine-israel/ In Jordan we’ll learn about the Israelites’ trek toward the Promised Land as we visit World Heritage site Petra and survey Canaan from Mount Nebo. We’ll see the site at the Jordan River where God parted the waters, and Machaerus Fortress where John the Baptist died. In Israel/Palestine, we’ll learn about the life and times of Jesus in a replica of first-century Nazareth.

We’ll sing carols at Bethlehem, sail on the Sea of Galilee, view Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives, visit multiple sites in the Holy City itself, and see Caesarea where Peter shared the gospel with Cornelius. Reflect with others on themes of mission and reconciliation, including justice issues of Israel and Palestine, as we travel and worship together.

A second Journey of Hope tour on June 10-20, 2020 can be paired with a stop in Germany for the Oberammergau Passion Play. See //www.tourmagination.com/tour/2020-jordan-palestine-israel/

4 Comments Add yours

  1. Ruben Chupp says:

    Your post brings back memories of walking these streets, marveling at creative design. rc


  2. You were a splendid fellow pilgrim–and we got to corners of the West Bank that most tour groups do not reach.


  3. Dan Shenk says:

    As I started to read, I thought maybe you would mention the possibility that young Joseph may have met young Mary at the Sepphoris worksite a couple of years before Jesus entered the picture. Wasn’t that part of our group’s speculation in our May 2018 visit to Sepphoris? In my journal I jotted down that Anne, mother of Mary, was from Sepphoris.


  4. Indeed–there is a medieval tradition/legend that Mary’s mother “Anna” was from Sepphoris, and that Mary was raised there. It is evident from ritual baths among houses in one section of ancient Sepphoris that Jewish people once lived there. There also are ruins of a medieval Christian basilica/church dedicated to St. Anna at the edge of Sepphoris that are off the beaten path and not featured as a tourist destination. See http://www.seetheholyland.net/tag/anne/


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